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Brain Disorders

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    Understanding The Long-Term Complications Of Brain Disorders

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    According to an estimate by the National Institute of Health, about 7.4% Indians above 60 years of age suffer from dementia. About 8.8 million Indians live with dementia and Alzheimer’s disease and 7 million people in the same age category are afflicted with Parkinson’s disease.

    If you’re nearing the age of 60, the chances are that these numbers might sound worrisome to you. But on the positive side, you should read on till the end of this blog to know how we at Wellfinity can help you prevent or reverse brain disorders.

    To put it simply, the basic reason why the aforesaid numbers are growing exponentially is because we are not dealing with the problem correctly. We are made to believe that the brain will degenerate with age and it cannot be cured. So, we have to live with it and ‘manage’ it with the help of prescription drugs and caregivers. As a result, the neurodegenerative condition worsens and gradually results in the deterioration of the brain and nerves.

    However, in the last few decades, science and medicine have taken giant strides in the study of brain disorders and we now know that brain diseases such as Dementia, Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s are not only preventable, but also reversible. We understand that there are interconnections between the brain and other body organs, and hence a prolonged dysfunction, imbalances, deficiencies, insufficiencies and toxicities elsewhere in the body can be the actual root cause(s) of brain degeneration.

    At Wellfinity, we have proof that if the root cause(s) are addressed along with a holistic lifestyle change, it is not only possible to stop the degeneration but also to work on regeneration once the brain function has been restored. This is possible as contrary to previous beliefs; the brain has the capacity to generate new brain cells.

    In this blog, we take a deep dive into the functioning of the brain, its complexities, disorders and the resultant complications, and how Wellfinity has adopted the new developments in science and medicine that has helped our patients reverse their brain disorders.

    The Brain and its Roles

    The brain is a powerful organ. It is the control centre of our nervous system. It perceives stimuli, initiates responses, and transmits signals throughout the body to ensure safety and well-being. In short, all our body functions and systems are controlled by it.

    There are 3 parts to the brain, each with its own definitive functions. They are as follows:

    Cerebrum: It controls memory, problem-solving, feelings and movement. It is responsible for making new memories which is often one of the first areas of the brain to be damaged by disorders of the brain.

    Cerebellum: It is located in the back of our heads beneath the cerebrum. It controls our body balance and coordination. The outer layer of the Cerebrum is called the Cortex and is involved with memory, interpretation of sights and sounds, and thought generation.

    Brain stem: It lies under the Cerebellum and connects our brains to our spinal cords. It controls our body functions like breathing, heartbeat, and digestion.

    Causes of Brain Degeneration

    When we talk about brain diseases, mitochondrial health is often emphasized. However, there are other several factors that impact our brain health and contribute to degeneration. For instance, our gut is connected to EVERYTHING that happens in our body. That is why when people come to us at Wellfinity with their chronic health problems, we almost always start with fixing the gut. So, if we want to prevent or address degeneration, due attention must be paid to these factors as well.

    Some of the factors that need due attention if you want to prevent or address brain degeneration are as follows:

    Blood Sugar Imbalances

    As you may already know, the blood sugar imbalances increase our risk of developing diabetes. But fewer people are aware that it can also lead to memory issues, brain fog, irritability, mood fluctuations, light-headedness, cravings and fatigue.

    Environmental Toxicity

    The toxicity that we come across in our day-to-day lives from air, water, foods, products we use etc., all cause damage to neurological functioning and can lead to memory issues, brain fog, dementia, neurodegenerative disease, mood swings, irritability, fatigue, anxiety, depression and other mental health issues.

    Sedentary Lifestyle

    Regular movement is especially important for the areas of our brain that are related to memory formation. Leading a sedentary lifestyle can result in cognitive decline, or increased risk of memory loss.

    Chronic Stress

    The hormone Cortisol plays an important role in managing stress. However, if we are continuously under stress, it can lead to accumulation of Cortisol. Increased Cortisol levels caused by chronic stress can impair cognitive and memory functions, disrupt synapse regulation and cause the death of our brain cells.

    Poor Sleep Habits and Circadian Disruption

    If we don’t sleep well enough, we are more likely to experience chronic stress, elevated Cortisol levels, fatigue and chronic inflammation. This can further lead to brain fog, memory lapses, impaired cognitive ability, and moods swings. Chronic insomnia can also heighten the risk of developing diseases of the brain such as dementia, Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s.

    Gut Infections and Dysbiosis

    When our gut experiences dysbiosis or infections, it disrupts the overall balance in your body and triggers chronic inflammation. The imbalance in the gut microbiome and the resultant chronic inflammation can potentially lead to brain degeneration. Thus, we experience symptoms like brain fog, memory issues, impaired cognitive ability, mood swings or may even develop neurodegenerative disease.

    Mitochondria Health

    Each of our brain cells contains about 10,000 mitochondria. Therefore, mitochondrial dysfunction can increase the risk of brain degeneration and cause brain health problems.

    Autoimmunity

    Diseases of the brain can also be caused by autoimmune conditions. For instance, Parkinson’s can be caused when alpha-synuclein (a type of protein) makes the immune system mistakenly attack and destroy dopamine-producing neurons in the body.

    If you have any one or more of the above listed issues, please feel free to get in touch with our doctors at Wellfinity for expert advice on how to prevent or reverse them.

    Specific Brain Disorders and their Effects

    Now that we know what the brain functions are and what causes deterioration in those functions, let’s go further and understand what diseases affect the brain and how:

    Dementia

    Cognitive decline is basically a person’s diminishing natural ability to learn, remember, process information, concentrate etc. It is a broad term that includes various form of cognitive function loss. In some cases, this cognitive decline can result in dementia.

    To be diagnosed with dementia, a person must have significant impairment in at least two brain functions, such as memory, language skills, perception, or cognitive abilities like reasoning and judgment, without loss of consciousness. People with dementia may also undergo changes in their personality, behaviour, and mood. They may become restless, develop false beliefs, hallucinate and have difficulty controlling their emotions.

    Most seniors today are utterly helpless as they witness the methodical deterioration of their own cognitive abilities. They have been made to believe that this is a normal part of aging. However, dementia can be treated and reversed with the identification and correction of the root cause(s) and appropriate lifestyle and dietary changes. The most common form of dementia is Alzheimer’s disease.

    Alzheimer’s Disease

    Alzheimer’s disease is a specific type of dementia caused due to beta-amyloid (a type of protein) plaque deposits in the brain.  Thereby causing deterioration in memory, language skills and cognitive abilities such as language, attention, orientation, self-monitoring, judgment, motor skills, and the ability to perform daily tasks. There is an imbalance between two types of activities that happen in the brain. The first is the synaptoblastic activity which involves building and cultivating connections between neurons. The second is synaptoclastic activity that involves pruning or destroying these connections.

    An imbalance in these two activities (high synaptic building and low synaptic pruning) contributes to the progression of Alzheimer’s disease. It is usually seen in people over 65 years of age though the deterioration of cognitive abilities typically happens gradually over 7 to 10 years. Complications of Alzheimer’s disease impacts almost all brain functions, including memory, movement, language, judgment, behaviour, and abstract thinking.

    Parkinson’s Disease

    Parkinson’s is a neurodegenerative condition typified by insufficiency of dopamine and inflammation of the neurons in the brain, mitochondrial dysfunction, and oxidative stress. Collectively, these factors harm the central nervous system (CNS) and hinder motor function, resulting in rigid muscles, challenges in maintaining balance and performing bodily movements, involuntary movements, stiffness, a slow and shuffling gait, difficulties with speech, cognitive decline, decreased or lost sense of smell, altered facial expression, and constipation.

    Multiple Sclerosis

    Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a neurological autoimmune disease that affects the CNS (brain and spinal cord). It mistakenly attacks the protective fatty covering of the nerves, called myelin. This autoimmune disease slows down the communication between the gut and the brain and leads fatigue, mobility difficulties, pain, and over time, causes lesions and scarring of the nerves.

    If you or anyone in your family is facing any if the above issues, you should contact our doctors at Wellfinity and begin your disease reversal process as soon as possible.

    Long-term Complications of Brain Disorders

    Each of the above-mentioned disorders of the brain can have long-term complications if the degeneration is not halted. These complications maybe physical, cognitive, emotional and social. We will discuss each of these complications hereafter:

    Physical complications

    Over a longer period of time, patients suffering from dementia and Alzheimer’s show increased aggression, restlessness, challenges with personal care, cognitive confusion, disorientation, inability to recognize familiar objects or people, repetitive speech, overall dissatisfaction, feelings of isolation, hallucinations, paranoia, difficulties with coordinating muscle movements, speech impairment, and loss of appetite.

    Complications of Parkinson’s disease include chronic constipation, restless leg syndrome (RLS), cramping of muscles in the hands and feet, restless sleep, decreased sense of smell or taste, voice getting softer, handwriting has become smaller, decreased arm-swing while walking, tremors, decreased dexterity and hand coordination, decreased facial expression, increased muscle stiffness and joint pain along with a chronic neck pain or stiffness which is especially in women.

    The long-term Multiple Sclerosis complications include fatigue, walking difficulties, numbness or tingling, spasticity, weakness, vision problems, vertigo and dizziness, bladder, bowel and sexual problems, pain and itching, tremors, seizures, hearing loss, breathing problems. The severity and duration of these complications may however, differ from person to person and also change over a period of time.

    Thus, these physical complications impact daily activities, mobility, coordination, and balance. Managing these conditions often requires medical intervention, rehabilitation, and support to improve quality of life. It’s important to address the specific physical challenges associated with each disorder and provide appropriate care and accommodations for individuals affected by them.

    Cognitive complications

    Complications of dementia and Alzheimer’s usually start as forgetfulness and misplacing things. Later it begins to affect emotional behaviour, language, memory, perception, cognitive skills and personality. People with Parkinson’s disease experience problems with planning, organizing and spatial awareness, visual hallucinations, changes in brain scan and spinal fluid, and abnormalities in brain wave activity measured by ECG.

    In short, they are at risk of developing early dementia. People suffering from Multiple Sclerosis face challenges in retaining information, finding the right words, focusing, and recalling past events. Additionally, certain medications prescribed to alleviate symptoms can also lead to cognitive alterations. The cognitive decline is generally due to damage to neuron tissue.

    Emotional complications

    Brain disorders have a wide range of emotional complications as the brain plays a significant role in regulating emotions and mood. The specific emotional complications can vary depending on the type and severity of the brain disorder. People with dementia experience changes in emotional responses and have less control over their feelings and how to express them.

    Alzheimer’s patients experience Neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS) such as depression, apathy, aggression, and psychosis.Parkinson’s is usually accompanied by mood changes, irritability, poor concentration and the desire to be alone. Multiple Sclerosis also impacts the part of the brain responsible for regulating emotions. In general, patients of brain disorders are more likely to suffer from clinical depression than others.

    Social complications

    Brain disorders can significantly impact an individual’s social functioning, leading to various social complications. These complications can vary depending on the specific brain disorder and its effects on cognition, communication, and behaviour. People with dementia many not be able to recognise family and friends, have difficulty moving, have no control over bladder and bowel and may be aggressive thereby causing distress to those around them.

    Similarly, Alzheimer’s patients show isolation, unpredictability, fear, fatigue and loss of control. The loss of emotional expression and emotional recognition abilities along with changes in emotional speech production and reception can have devastating consequences of Parkinson’s disease patients.

    People with Multiple Sclerosis who have cognitive impairment and functional disability have been found to have reduced social contacts, higher unemployment rates and lower standard of living. Moreover, cognitive impairment and functional disability are looked at as an additional burden on families, caregivers, and societal health care costs.

    All the above complications arise mainly because conventional treatment protocol focuses on managing the degeneration with medicines and care, instead of curing it. However, this burden can be done away with if the correct holistic approach that identifies and eliminates the root cause(s) is adopted.

    So, if you or anyone in your family is starting to face any of these complications, you should avail of healthcare support to minimize the complications before they become unmanageable.

    Latest Developments in Science Related to Brain Disorders

    New researches have shed more light on degenerative brain diseases. They have shown that many of the risk factors are modifiable. In simple terms that means, it is possible prevent the onset of brain diseases and even reverse it in the early stages. Some of these discoveries are as follows:

    Neuroplasticity

    Scientists used to believe that the brain is hard wired and that it cannot repair, regenerate or replace damaged cells after a certain age. However, we now have evidence to show that the brain changes its structure based on how it is used, by generating new neurons (neurogenesis) and strengthening existing ones with and repetitive skills and experience. This means, that degeneration of brain cells can be halted and degenerated cells can be replaced with new ones.

    Metabolic Disorders

    There is a direct link between brain and metabolic disorders. Metabolic diseases such as Hypertension, Hyperlipidaemia, Cardiovascular disease, and Insulin Resistance have been linked to an increased risk of dementia. Metabolic disorders are also associated with poor attention/ perceptual speed, executive function and verbal fluency problem. Insulin Resistance has been associated with Alzheimer’s disease. Brain cells use glucose to fuel mitochondria and produce ATP (energy carrying molecules of a cell). In case of insulin resistance, the neurons are damaged by oxidative stress and amyloid (a type of protein) plaques form. This increases inflammation and causes cellular dysfunction resulting in impairment of brain function.

    Brain-Gut Axis

    The intricate two-way connection between our gastrointestinal system and our central nervous system is commonly referred to as the gut-brain axis. This gut-brain axis has been explored extensively in recent times and it is now clear that psychological, neurodevelopmental, age-related, and neurodegenerative disorders have a distinct biological and physiological foundation originating in the gut.

    Researchers are also finding evidence that irritation in the gastrointestinal system may send signals to the central nervous system (CNS) that trigger mood changes. These new findings may explain why a higher-than-normal percentage of people with IBS and functional bowel problems develop depression and anxiety.

    Moreover, inflammation in the brain can arise from diverse elements, including psychosocial stress, dietary choices, inflammatory adipose tissue, a compromised intestinal barrier (leaky gut = leaky brain), lack of a diverse gut microbiota, weakened immune system and an imbalance between regulatory and pro-inflammatory T-cells.

    Our team at Wellfinity is on top of these advancements. We have doctors who specialize in the aforementioned areas and have exhibited their capability in finding the best cure to address brain disorders successfully, on a regular basis.

    Managing and Coping with Brain Disorders

    Needless to say, that none of us would want to go down the line of degeneration, dementia, Alzheimer’s or Parkinson’s. So now that we know the basics about brain diseases, the next logical question is how exactly do we deal with it?

    Conventional medicine tells us that once we have the disease, we have no option but to live with it. It advocates ‘managing’ the disease as opposed to curing it. It prescribes medications that eventually worsen the symptoms in the long-run. It might also shock you to know that 99.6% of the drugs used in the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease, have failed clinical trials. So, what is the alternative treatment for Alzheimer’s disease?

    In recent times, natural treatment methods that involve dietary and lifestyle changes have become a more popular and effective alternative to preventing brain degeneration or delaying the symptoms significantly. Integrated functional medicine is a holistic approach that is based on identifying the root cause of neurological disorder to prevent disease progression. It understands that the brain is only one part of the body and brain disorders are almost always systemic. That is to say, the solutions to the disease will may lie not in the brain, but elsewhere in the body.

    Some of the means adopted in the Functional Medicine approach to stop degeneration and possibly to regenerate brain cells include; an anti-inflammatory diet, intermittent and extended fasting, ketosis from time-to-time, regular movement and exercise, stress reduction and management, good sleep, gut health support, neurobic exercises, reduction in toxic load, mix of cold thermogenesis and heat therapy, abundant exposure to sunlight and supplements.

    So, if you are looking for the best protocol for Alzheimer’s disease treatment options, Multiple Sclerosis treatment or the latest Parkinson’s disease treatment options, a holistic, integrative, functional medicine would be most reliable. And as of today, Wellfinity is one of the most trusted name in integrative and functional medicine practice. Our doctors provide individual care for patients, which makes the treatment highly effective.

    Conclusion

    Brain degeneration and disorders are a significant concern impacting numerous individuals in India and the world over. The degeneration takes place over a period of 7-10 years before it manifests itself completely in the form of dementia, Alzheimer’s or Parkinson’s disease. It is therefore advisable to watch out for the early signs of brain degeneration such as difficulty in processing information, understanding others and expressing thoughts, shortened attention span, impaired decision making ability and memory loss etc.

    Brain diseases were previously thought to be brain and neurological disorders alone. They were considered to be incurable and were hence ‘managed’ with medicines and care. Patients were made to believe that they must live with the disease for life. However, recent developments in science have shown that the root of brain disorders extends beyond the brain to other organs in the body. Therefore, the degeneration can be halted if the root cause(s) are eliminated. And once the brain function has been fully restored, brain cells can also be regenerated. Thus, a patient’s quality of life can be restored.

    So, if you are experiencing any signs/symptoms mentioned in this blog or wish to improve your brain health as a precautionary measure, please feel free connect with us at Wellfinity. We provide natural solutions that will help safeguard your brain against degeneration and related disorders. By following our protocols, you will experience enhancement in your cognitive abilities, mental acuity, mood, energy levels and overall well-being.

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